Here’s a downloadable PDF illustrating the types of shots that have been used, in various combinations, in traditional film and video. I encourage you to experiment with these shots – they are definitely the standard of media language – but also experiment with creating your own types of shots, ones that best suit your own style of filmmaking.
Below are a couple of videos that might make it easier to imagine how framing and types of shots are used to construct a readable film/video.
Basic Shot Types
Basic Shots for Filmmaking